As the number describing the mesh size increases, the size of the openings and thus the size of particles captured by the screen decreases – higher numbers indicate finer abrasives.
Because screens can be made with different materials (i.e. with wire strands of different thicknesses – thicker strands yield smaller openings for particles to pass through and vice versa), it is very important to note that mesh size is not a precise measurement of the mesh opening and/or particle sizes.
Finer mesh weaves mean mesh wires are more tightly arranged, increasing until the point when practically no space remains between them. For this reason, particle sizes > 325-mesh are usually described in “microns.”